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Dambulla & Sigiriya


Time line of the Caves

 * 7th to 3rd century BC: Early
 * 1st century BC: Paintings and
 * 5th century: The stupa was built
 * 12th century: Addition of the
  statues of Hindu gods
 * 18th century: Most of what we
  see today
 * 19th century: An additional cave
  and some repainting
 * 20th century: UNESCO
  restoration and lighting....


The Golden Temple

The Golden temple is located on the Eastern side of the Royal Rock Temple. The history of the Golden Temple does not exceed 250 years. It was initially built as monastery for the Rock Temple.


The Sigiriya rock is a hardened magma plug from an extinct and long-eroded volcano. It stands high above the surrounding plain, visible for miles in all directions. The rock rests on a steep mound that rises abruptly from the flat plain surrounding it. The rock itself rises approximately 370 m (1,214 ft) above sea level and is sheer on all sides, in many places overhanging the base. It is elliptical in plan and has a flat top that slopes gradually along the long axis of the ellipse.

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